1 answer

What is the hybridization of benzene?

Question:

What is the hybridization of benzene?

Answers

Assuming you mean carbon atom...


...then it is #sp^2#, noting that hybridization applies only to the sigma/#sigma# bonds and NOT the pi/#pi# bonds. #sp^2# hybridization is gone into more detail here.

Benzene is a planar aromatic ring, and has many representations:

https://upload.wikimedia.org/

Regardless of whether we draw the Kekulé structure or the delocalized representation, the structure is a ring containing carbon atoms that each had formed their first bond in three directions.

It's just like compounds such as #"BF"_3# and #"AlCl"_3#.

https://chem.libretexts.org/

The first bond made by an atom is preferentially a #sigma# bond, and if an atom has three bonding directions with no lone pairs of electrons, as in benzene, that atom can be said to utilize #bb(sp^2)# hybridization (regardless of how the #pi# interactions are represented).

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