8 Points
The Markov Model can be used to estimate life years lost, mortality and quality of life.
8 Points
Which of the following is not part of decision analysis
cost
probability
expected life expectancy
8 Points
A patient was told by her doctor to that she had a choice of taking a medication or not taking the medication. Are those two options mutually exclusive of each other.
Yes
No
Depends on the illness or circumstances of the illness.
8 Points
The final value that is obtained on the decision analysis tree is known as the __________.
expected probability
the choice to evaluate
the independent variable
the dependent variable
8 Points
In chapter 6 the author refers to a “cohort”. What does he/she mean by cohort?
the method of calculating life expectancy for a age group
a type of study
a group of people that share at least one characteristic.
8 Points
Life expectancy at birth tends to _______ from year to the next.
Stay the same, because life expectancy can not change.
Increase, because of health interventions
Decrease, because as people get older they have less years to live
None of the above.
8 Points
Life expectancy refers to
the average number of years remaining for an individual or a group of people at a given age
the absolute age that a person is expected to die
the average number of years remaining for and individual or group of people within a country regardless of age.
10 Points
Sensitivity analysis allows to test or evaluate how the health outcome changes over a range of uncertain inputs to include
structural uncertainty.. to allow for changes in the decision arm of the model, other things remaining the same
parameter uncertainty .. allows for changes in the probability, other things remaining the same
A and B
none of the above
8 Points
Sensitivity analysis
is stress test of the decision model about how the health outcome will change with changes in costs and probabilities
refers to changes probabilities as parametric
refers to changes in decision arm as structural uncertainty
all of the above
10 Points
One way sensitivity analysis
uses a single variable to test a range of values on the expected value of a strategy, other variables held constant
uses two variables simultaneously to tests a range of values on the expected value of a strategy, other variables held constant
refers to a Tornado diagram, where each variable is sequentially tested in a one way sensitivity analysis
none of the above