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Historically, mental health care was provided in institutions after a patient was "committed." This practice was...

Question:

Historically, mental health care was provided in institutions after a patient was "committed." This practice was changed as the result of the federal government suing states for the damage done to patients physically, mentally and regarding their freedom and rights. How do you describe state hospitals and sanitariums used for mental health care. write a 5-paragraph essay identifying three points of description.

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Ans.

Psychiatric hospitals, also known as mental hospitals, mental health units, mental asylums or simply asylums, are hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders, such as major depressive disorder, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

A sanatorium (also called sanitarium and, rarely sanitorium) is a medical facility for long-term illness, most typically associated with treatment of tuberculosis (TB) in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth century before the discovery of antibiotics.

"The Modern Asylum" ... “Patients with chronic, severe mental illnesses are still in facilities—only now they are in medical hospitals, nursing homes and, increasingly, jails and prisons, places that are less appropriate and more expensive than long-term psychiatric institutions.”

The United States housed 150,000 patients in mental hospitals by 1904. ... These asylums were critical to the evolution of psychiatry as they provided places of practice throughout the world. However, the hope that mental illness could be ameliorated through treatment during the mid-19th century was disappointed.

Today, instead of asylums, there are psychiatric hospitals run by state governments and local community hospitals, with the emphasis on short-term stays.

However, most people suffering from mental illness are not hospitalized. A person suffering symptoms could speak with a primary care physician, who most likely would refer him to someone who specializes in therapy. The person can receive outpatient mental health services from a variety of sources, including psychologists, psychiatrists, marriage and family therapists, school counselors, clinical social workers, and religious personnel.

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