Q. No 1. Answer : Surveillance system : it is one of the ongoing and systematic process, in these systematic collection, analysis, interpretation of data and dissemination of data and it is responsible for preventing and controlling of injuries and diseases.
It is called as public health surveillance system.
It is also known as epidemiological surveillance, syndromic surveillance, or clinical surveillance.
Mainly there are two types surveillance those are
1. Active surveillance
2. Passive surveillance
Active surveillance is defined as it is active desease surveillance based on public health and it is done daily, weekly, monthly by contacting physicians, hospitals, laboratories, schools, and searching cases.
Passive surveillance means receiving the reports from, physicians, lab technicians, and health care professionals, passively.
These are the two types of surveillance systems in public and medical community.
Health literacy means it is an individual ability to read, understand, and utilise the information in order to get adequate health care .
Issues that affects the health literacy :
* Lack of educational skills .
* language problems ,
* cultural problems,
* lack of access resources,
* age factors
These are all affect the health literacy.
Consumer health Informatics are acts like bridge in between health resources and patient.
These are helpful to examine the patient information such as health literally level , knowledge and education, and these consumers health Informatics plays important role providing information to patients regarding and promotion of self care and decision making capacity and improving healthy behaviours of people.
No 2. Answer :
We can get credible health information on net by different ways those are
* National Institute of health.
* Drug. Com
* Medline plus,
* Heart hub,
* Myopia clinic,
* American diabetic association ect.
Q. No 3. Answer :
Responsibilities of health care organizations to make sure PHI stays confidential and protected from unauthorized breaches :
* by maintaining good administrative proceedures,
* they have to maintain rule of pasward maintainance.
* they have to maintain physical safe guard.
* technical security services and mechanisms.
These are the responsibilities.
No 5. Answer :
Human genome project is world wide research, to identify the structure of human DNA, and it is used to determine the location of all human genes.
It is an international scientific research project, to determine the sequence of nucleotide base pairs that makes up human DNA.
It is one of the largest biological investigations and it is useful in researchers for future identification of diseases and to prevent the occurrence of those diseases and to provide good care.
Future medical Informatics means it is a intersection of information science and computer science and health care.
It is evidence based information.
It is a scientic study of storage and sharing and optimal use of biological information and medical Information to improve problem solving and decision making capacity in all levels of health care.