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B.2 The multiplicity of a monatomic ideal gas is given by 2 = f(N)VN U3N/2, where...

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B.2 The multiplicity of a monatomic ideal gas is given by 2 = f(N)VN U3N/2, where V is the volume occupied by the gas, U its

B.2 The multiplicity of a monatomic ideal gas is given by 2 = f(N)VN U3N/2, where V is the volume occupied by the gas, U its internal energy, N the number of particles in the gas and f(N) a complicated function of N. [2] (i) Show that the entropy S of this system is given by 3 S = Nkg In V + ŽNkg In U + g(N), where g(N) is some function of N. (ii) Define the temperature T of a thermodynamic system, in terms of its entropy. Use the result in part (i) to calculate the temperature of a monatomic ideal gas, as a function of its internal energy U. Then invert this relation to obtain an expression for U. Compare the result with the prediction of U from the equipartition theorem. (iii) State the thermodynamic identity. Explain all the terms you introduce. Use the thermodynamic identity to show that [6] P=T as av UN [5] where P is the pressure of the gas, and the subscripts indicate that U and N are constant. Then use this result and that of part (i) to derive the ideal-gas law. (iv) Consider the gas confined in a container of volume V. What is the probability of finding all N atoms in the leftmost 99% of the container if (a) N = 100; (b) N = 10,000; (c) N = 1023? [2]

Answers

Classical Ideal Gas :- dT = (as d?p= dr. Stady dz. (op. V x 4 xp 3 (6D phase space.) 3D position & 3D momentum Wleme of eachIn 32p3 P= vamE P² = 12mE) 32 VlanmE 1312 X no. of mirostate composed of Nidentical particle.a 317 REL= h3 -) (ame) for shou3N2.</p><p>3N S KB 3n + [ on (to je i same) in | on 1 302 9nm E S- KB + 3N 3N 2. 3/2 time 3N AIR, S: N Kg on 14) + 33 NKB (More Genform ear benesy - 36 ln Time 3N NEO (*) In this ). ( tame] NKB Multiply both sides by 2 34 Tame 3N 3 NKB en اله 213 -15 3NKBIS 36²N • exp 3NKB 3 NKD simv23 Ex Bro E ZENKBT gas U-2 KBT Intonal energy of a classical ideal Specific heat :- Cu = ( (8) I

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