1 answer

1. George Brown, 72 years of age, is a male patient who is admitted with the...

Question:

1. George Brown, 72 years of age, is a male patient who is admitted with the diagnosis of acute pulmonary edema secondary to

1. George Brown, 72 years of age, is a male patient who is admitted with the diagnosis of acute pulmonary edema secondary to acute left ventricular heart failure. The patient has a history of coronary artery disease that has been treated medically. The patient is anxious, pale, cold, clammy, and dyspneic. The vital signs are: blood pressure 88/50 mm Hg, heart rate 110 bpm, respiratory rate 32 breaths/min, and temperature 97°F. There are bubbling crackles and wheezing throughout the lung fields and the patient is raising frothy blood-tinged clear sputum. The patient's admission weight is 100 kg. (Learning Objective a. What first actions should the nurse take and what are the rationales for these actions? The physician ordered furosemide (Lasix) 40 mg IVP STAT. b. What are the actions of furosemide that will help the patient? c. What nursing actions should be implemented when administering a diuretic? 2. Carl Edwards is a 75-year-old man with congestive heart failure. Having sustained three myocardial infarctions in the last 10 years, he has decreased left ventricular function. Mr. Edwards takes Digoxin, Capoten, Coreg, and Lasix for management of this disease. Today he presents to the emergency department with fatigue, generalized weakness, and feelings of "skipping" heartbeats. Upon arrival, he is placed on the cardiac monitor, his vital signs are assessed, and an IV is inserted. He currently denies chest pain, but is experiencing some shortness of breath, and is placed on 2 L of oxygen via nasal cannula. (Learning Objective 1) a. Which of his medications might be contributing to his symptoms of generalized weakness and heart irregularities? b. For what clinical manifestations should you assess to correlate to his left sided heart failure? c. How do his medications treat his congestive heart failure? d. How does the hypokalemia affect the effects of Digitalis?

Answers

a. What first actions should the nurse take and what are the rationales for these actions?

  • Monitor oxygen saturation and administer oxygen via nasal cannula to relieve dyspneic symptoms.
  • Place in a comfortable position to reduce anxiety and shortness of breath.
  • Treat the underlying cause of left ventricular failure. i.e reduce the blood returning to the left ventricle by increasing the contractility.
  • Administer medication to improve blood pressure and to reduce preloads and after loads.
  • Administer diuretic to reduce excess fluid in the body.

b. What are the actions of furosemide that will help the patient?

  • Remove the excess of water through increased urination relieve dyspneic symptoms.
  • It reduces the preload and improves the left ventricular pumping of blood.
  • It relieves edema by removing excess fluid in the lungs.

c. What nursing actions should be implemented when administering a diuretic?

  • Assess for any allergies to medication.
  • Monitor BP and pulse rate before administering diuretics.
  • Monitor electrolytes before administration.
  • Assess the generalized weakness, dizziness, fatigue of patient.
  • Monitor urine output and patient weights to evaluate the effect of diuretic after administration.
.

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