What is the empirical formula of a substance that is 53.5% carbon (c), 15.5% hydrogen (h), and 31.1% nitrogen (n) by weight?

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Question:

What is the empirical formula of a substance that is 53.5% carbon (c), 15.5% hydrogen (h), and 31.1% nitrogen (n) by weight?

Answers

Empirical formula is the simplest ratio of whole numbers of components making up a compound.since percentage compositions have been given, we can calculate the masses of elements in 100 g of the compound                           carbon                   hydrogen                 nitrogen mass                   53.5 g                     15.5 g                      31.1 gnumber of moles 53.5/12                    15.5/1                     31.1 / 14                              = 4.46                      = 15.5                    = 2.22divide by least number of moles                               4.46/2.22 = 2.0      15.5/2.22 = 6.9       2.22/2.22 = 1numbers rounded offC - 2H - 7N - 1Then empirical formula - C₂H₇N

Assuming 100 grams of the compound, we can convert the masses to the number of moles using the atomic masses:     53.5 g * 1 mol C / 12.0107 g C = 4.45 mol C     15.5 g * 1 mol H / 1.00794 g H = 15.38 mol H     31.1 g * 1 mol N / 14.0067 g N = 2.22 mol NWe divide the number of moles of each element by the lowest number of moles, in this case, we divide by 2.22:     C 4.45/2.22 = 2.00     H 15.38/2.22 = 6.93 ≈ 7     N 2.22/2.22 = 1Therefore we can write the empirical formula using the number of moles calculated as the subscript for each element: C2H7N

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