# Read the excerpt from How Hurricanes Form. Hurricanes are the largest and most violent storms on Earth. They are large rotating storms with high speeds that form over warm waters. These storms are known as hurricanes in North America and the Caribbean. However, they have different names in other regions. In South East Asia, they are called typhoons. In the Indian Ocean, they are known as cyclones. Hurricane winds move at the speed of at least 74 miles per hour. They can be as wide as 300 miles.

###### Question:

Read the excerpt from How Hurricanes Form.
Hurricanes are the largest and most violent storms on Earth. They are large rotating storms with high speeds that form over warm waters. These storms are known as hurricanes in North America and the Caribbean. However, they have different names in other regions. In South East Asia, they are called typhoons. In the Indian Ocean, they are known as cyclones. Hurricane winds move at the speed of at least 74 miles per hour. They can be as wide as 300 miles. But, how are these huge storms formed?
a world map showing that hurricanes occur north of the equator in the Atlantic Ocean, cyclones occur north and south of the equator in the Indian Ocean, and typhoons occur north of the equator in South East asia
Hurricanes are often compared to engines. Just like engines, they need a type of fuel. Hurricanes form over warm ocean waters near the equator. For hurricanes, their fuel is warm, moist air. When hurricanes form, the warm, moist air above the ocean rises upward from close to the surface of the water. Because the warm air rises, it results in less air under the surface of the water. This area with less air is known as an area with low pressure.
Why do some people say that hurricanes are like engines? (2 points)
a
Both hurricanes and engines are loud when they gain power.
b
Both hurricanes and engines can cause serious destruction.
c
Both hurricanes and engines need a fuel to power them.
d
Both hurricanes and engines are often studied by scientists.

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