In a sample of 49 adolescents who served as the subjects in an immunologic study, one variable of interest was the diameter of a skin test reaction to an allergen. The sample mean and standard deviation were 21 and 11 mm erythema, respectively. a. Use a z- or t-distribution? Why? b. One-sided or two-sided test? Why? c. Can it be concluded from these data that the population mean is less than 24 mm erythema? d. What is the range on the p-value?

1 answer
Question:

In a sample of 49 adolescents who served as the subjects in an immunologic study, one variable of interest was the diameter of a skin test reaction to an allergen. The sample mean and standard deviation were 21 and 11 mm erythema, respectively.
a. Use a z- or t-distribution? Why?
b. One-sided or two-sided test? Why?
c. Can it be concluded from these data that the population mean is less than 24 mm erythema?
d. What is the range on the p-value?

Answers

Answer:Step-by-step explanation:a) We would use a t distribution because the population standard deviation is unknown.b) it is a one sided test because we are trying to determine if the population mean is less than 24 mm erythema. The lesser than means that it is a left tailed test.c) To determine the p value, we would apply the formula, t = (x - µ)/(s/√n)Wherex = sample mean = 21µ = population mean = 24s = samples standard deviation = 11n = number of samples = 49t = (21 - 24)/(11/√49) = - 1.91Since n = 49Degrees of freedom, df = n - 1 = 49 - 1 = 48We would determine the p value using the t test calculator. It becomesp = 0.031Assuming alpha = 0.05, thenSince alpha, 0.05 > than the p value, 0.031, then we would reject the null hypothesis. Therefore, At a 5% level of significance, it can be concluded from these data that the population mean is less than 24 mm erythema.d) p value = 0.031

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