A person is trying to drag a box with a mass of 30 kg on a flat floor using a rope attached to it. The static frictional coefficient between the box and floor is 0.50. The angle between the horizontal direction and the rope is 30 degrees. What is the minimum force the person needs to have to move the box along the floor?

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Question:

A person is trying to drag a box with a mass of 30 kg on a flat floor using a rope attached to it. The static frictional coefficient between the box and floor is 0.50. The angle between the horizontal direction and the rope is 30 degrees. What is the minimum force the person needs to have to move the box along the floor?

Answers

Answer: F = 131.7NExplanation:You are given the following parameters. Mass M = 30 kgCoefficient of static friction μ = 0.5Ø = 30 degrees When the person is trying to drag the box with force F, the static frictional force Fs will be acting in the opposite direction. From the figure attached, resolve all forces into horizontal component and vertical component. Horizontal component:Fs - F cosØ = 0 Fs = F cosØ F cosØ = μN ...... (1)Vertical component:N + F SinØ - mg = 0N = Mg - F SinØ ..... (2)Substitutes m, g and Ø into the equation 2N = (30 × 9.8) - F × sin30N = 294 - 0.5FSubstitute N and coefficient of friction into the equation (1)F cos30 = 0.5 (294 - 0.5F)Open the bracket 0.8660F = 147 - 0.25FCollect the like terms 1.116025F = 147F = 147/1.116025F = 131.7 NTherefore, the minimum force the person needs to have to move the box along the floor is 131.7 N

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