# A person is rowing across the river with a velocity of 4. 5 km/hr northward. The river is flowing eastward at 3. 5 km/hr. What is the magnitude of her velocity (v) with respect to the shore?

1 answer

###### Question:

A person is rowing across the river with a velocity of 4. 5 km/hr northward. The river is flowing eastward at 3. 5 km/hr. What is the magnitude of her velocity (v) with respect to the shore?

## Answers

The velocity of the rower relative to the shore is the sum of her velocity relative to the water and the velocity of the water relative to the shore:[tex]\vec v_{R/S} = \vec v_{R/W} + \vec v_{W/S}[/tex]Then[tex]\vec v_{R/S} = \left(4.5\dfrac{\rm km}{\rm h},0\right) + \left(0,3.5\dfrac{\rm km}{\rm h}\right) = (4.5,3.5)\dfrac{\rm km}{\rm h}[/tex]The magnitude of this velocity is√(4.5² + 3.5²) m/s ≈ 5.7 m/s

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